. 1. Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) Statement: The ninth general meeting of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK)
2. The Free Life Party of Kurdistan (PJAK) Statement: Overview, Policies and organizational structu
3. PJAK: 10 Iranian soldiers killed in fight with PJAK forces in Salmas district
4. KNK Statement: in Kurdish:The ninth general meeting of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK)
5. KNK Statement: in Arabic: The ninth general meeting of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK)
Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) Statement
The ninth general meeting of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK)
The Kurdistan National Congress held its ninth general meeting on 13 – 14, of December 2008, in Brussels, Belgium.
Of the 135 new members, 90 members from Kurdistan and the Diaspora participated from several countries including: America, Russia, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Australia and Egypt. For those who missed the general meeting, the reasons were purely technical. But they sent their congratulations and support. Representatives of minorities in Kurdistan such as: Assyrians, Syriac and Chaldeans participated in the conference.
Many guests from Kurdistan and European countries attended the conference and presented their speeches.The general meeting has received letters and telegrams of support and congratulations from several political parties, cultural organizations, political figures and writers.
In addition to the former members and organizations, two organizations from the Kurdistan Federal Region joined as well as another two organizations from the Federal Kurdistan also attended the meeting as observers to the general meeting of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK).
Participated organizations are:
– Socialist Party of Kurdistan
– Kurdistan Democratic Movement
– Zhmtkeshi Party of Kurdistan (observer)
– Communist Party of Kurdistan (observer)
– Kurdistan Democratic National Union (observer)
– Kurdish Institute in Brussels
– Kurdish Institute in Germany
– Kurdish Institute in Stockholm
– Kon Kurd
– Kurdistan Art Academy
– Union Ezidiin associations
– Alawi Union of Kurdistan
Many independent political figures, writers, journalists, Kurdish and Kurdistan intellectuals are members of the Kurdistan National Congress.
The general meeting, discussed the documents relating to the events taking place, has agreed fully on the question of “strategic document of national unity”, and changes to the bylaws were approved. The question of strengthening and revitalization of Kurdistan National Congress was discussed with many ideas and suggestions and many important decisions were approved. After the General meeting ended, the new elected executive committee held its first meeting to build other bodies and develop a plan of action.
The New executive committee consists of the following members:
1 – Tahir Kamali Zadeh, President of Kurdistan National Congress
2 – Adem Ozun
3 – Ramzi Kartal
4 – George Aryo
5 – Nelufer Koc
6 – Rojan Hazim
7 – Ahmed Aktas
8 – Nizamuttin Toguc
9 – Felemez Basboga
10 – Sayf Bedirxan
11 – Hewi Berwari
12 – Miryam Muezzini
13 – Gelavej Qadiri
14 – Nezif Mayi
15 – Medini Ferho
According to the new charter, three bodies and three committees were setup:
1 – Foreign Relations Committee
2 – Committee of Language, Education, Culture and Art
3 – Women Committee
4 – National Action Committee
5 – The Committee on Interior Laws
6 – Press and Publication Committee
The Executive committee discussed the proposals and resolutions of the ninth KNK general meeting and analyzed the situation in Kurdistan, the Middle East and the world. It called for a national unity of the Kurds and Kurdistan.
The Kurdish nationalist movement is progressing under many difficult conditions. The establishment of the Kurdistan Federal Region within a Federal Iraq is significant and important gain for the people of Kurdistan and the national cause, but in contrast, the colonial powers of Kurdistan have emerged and increased their games and maneuvers against the Kurdish people. This new situation led those countries to increase the severity and intensity of oppression on the Kurdish people and its national movement. Under the command of the Turkish state, both Iran and Syria launched more attacks and implemented new plans against the Kurdish nation particularly Turkey and Iran have begun pursuing a covert and overt conflict against the Kurds. These two countries have launched several military and security operations against the Kurdish people. Iran started the issue of death sentences against the Kurdish activists and has become a salient feature at this stage. Syria has re-implemented its old outdated “Arab belt” and the new law of property and real estate, through Decree 49 that denies the Kurds in Syria the freedom to dispose of their property and their real state!
Turkey has invented new methods and techniques in its policies of genocide and forced assimilation of the Kurdish culture and folklore. The Federal Iraqi prime minister office and several of its members started an aggressive chauvinistic conflict with the national movement of the Kurdish people. Under such atmosphere and vicious attacks on the Kurdish people, countries that monitor human rights and democracy movement did not do anything and they even participated in these operations by their silence, as well as their intelligence operations in this region. Unfortunately, the United States of America and the European Union are in contradiction and are doing the opposite of what they believe in. Turkey benefits from this as they try to eradicate the armed Kurdish national movement. To this end, Turkey insists on the introduction of the Federal Regional Government of Kurdistan into this conflict in order to fight the Kurdish nationalist movement in northern Kurdistan. And several diplomatic hidden plans are revealed in which the results would be deadly and devastating.
It is the Kurdish people’s right to understand these diplomatic trends and resist them by having a Kurdish unity agreement based on “Kurdish national unity strategy” that can stop all these policies directed against the Kurdish people. The Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) calls upon and urges the United States of America and the European Union, to reconsider their policies and stop their assistance to Turkey and to support the oppressed Kurdish people.
In view of these problems and accumulation, the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) seeks to caution and awaken the Kurdish people to know of these plans that have been woven against the Kurds and Kurdistan, to show the extent of its adherence to national unity and not to leave the door open for plots of this kind. That is why the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) will introduce “a document of Kurdish national strategy” to all forces and national figures to be debated on the grounds to build a national unity base.
Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) gives great importance to the standards of the national strategic document that sets the national objectives.
The general meeting resolutions of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK), are to send a letter of total support to Mr. Abdullah Ocalan, also the general meeting rejects all of the Turkish authorities methods of ill treatment for him, and demands his immediate release.
In order to strengthen and activate the internal relations between the Kurdish people, letters will be sent to: the leader, KCK, President of the Kurdistan Federal Region Massoud Barzani, President of the Federal Republic of Iraq Jalal Talabani, Kurdish leaders, all political parties and Kurdish organizations. They will be urged to play a role in the unity of the Kurdish nationalist forces in this difficult stage.
The Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) calls on the Kurdish people in Federal Kurdistan to respect all religious and ethnic minorities to prevent our enemies from obstructing the current agreement between the Kurds and minorities.
Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) hopes that the Kurds in Diaspora are fully aware of these issues and to be keen to protect and preserve the national gains.
On 29, March 2009 will be the municipality elections in Turkey and Kurdistan. On behalf of the Kurdish people, the Democratic Society Party (DTP) will participate in the elections. Turkish state are applying many policies and attempts to block the Democratic Society Party and therefore is unable to win municipal and local administrations in Kurdish cities. They bring to court known figures in order not to run in the elections. To this end, the trial of “Leyla Zana” was swift and unfair.
We the (KNK) rejects this provision of Leyla Zana, and we express our support and solidarity with her.
The Kurdistan National Congress (KNK), during this meeting, protested the massacre that took place in the city of Kirkuk, and expressed sympathy to the families of the martyrs, Federal Kurdistan, and wished safety and healing for the injured.
Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) highly values the women movement of Kurdistan, this movement carried the slogan “We are not an honor for anyone, our honor is our freedom”. The Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) supports strongly the movement of the women of Kurdistan.
In conclusion, the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) calls on the Kurdish and Kurdistan people to stand in the face of the colonialists attacks on the Kurdish national reconciliation and to protect and develop this internal unity. The key to the success of Kurdistan and Kurdish people is the “national unity”.
The Executive Committee of the Kurdistan National Conference (KNK),
15 December 2008, Brussels
Kurdistan National Congress – KNK
Rue Jean Stas 41
Tel.: 00 32 2 647 3084
Fax: 00 32 2 647 6849
2. The Free Life Party of Kurdistan (PJAK) Statement: Overview, Policies and organizational structure
The Kurdish nation is one of the oldest nations of Mesopotamia. It is known as the
Locus of the primary intellectual revolutions and the creator of the foremost of human achievements. The archaeological evidences suggest that the agricultural revolution took place in Kurdistan and underlying all the following development: throughout the history of Mesopotamia, the Kurdish nation has been the effective contributor to the human progress and development, its perpetual desire has been a peaceful co-existence and brotherhood with other nations. Despite the multiplicity of religions and plurality of ideologies amongst the Kurds as well as other nations in the region, the Kurdish nation has not regarded this issue as a pretext to refuse co-existence with others and managed to play its effective role in the history of the human race.
Until the new era of the emergence of capitalism, the Kurdish nation had kept up with this policy. But in the current era, both the new life styles and the hegemonic powers with their own agendas and policies have contributed to the abolishment of this historical co-existence. Colonization and new international relationships have created new issues and problems.
The Kurdish nation has suffered from colonization, diaspora, genocide and forced assimilation policies that are distinct in history. The Kurdish homeland has suffered from division and devastation.
The Kurdish language, Kurdish culture and Kurdish history faced annihilation. Historic events prove these were the result of systematic pre-planned strategies by forces with intentions to eliminate the Kurdish people.
In 1639 Kurdistan was divided between Iran and Turkey following the endorsement of the Treaty of Qasry Shirin between the Ottomans and the Persians. The Kurdish nation has been in a continuous struggle against these states from the outset of the Babanian rebellion in 1804. On one hand the Kurdish issue faces capitalist states that seek to loot and plunder Kurdistan. On the other hand Kurdistan is occupied and oppressed by conservative reactionaries states in the region, they only seek to maintain their monarchic classic sovereignty. The entire Kurdish struggle is to neutralize the danger of destruction and to obviate the system of denial and annihilation that has been imposed on the Kurdish culture, Kurdish language and Kurdish beliefs.
In spite of the variety in propagation based on separatism or dependency on various powers, the Kurdish nation has always and explicitly demanded its own national rights and always sought to solve the issue through dialogue and democracy.
Now the Kurds are the largest nation in the world without an authority or state and divided between four states in the Middle East. Due to the oppressive nature of the occupying states, they promote policies of denial and annihilation against the Kurds. There are no reliable statistics about the population of the Kurds. Nonetheless according to statistics produced by the occupying states and the international institutions, the Kurdish population is approximately 40 to 45 million, 20 to 25 million live in Northern Kurdistan (Turkey), 12 to 15 million live in Eastern Kurdistan (Iran), 6 to 7 million live in Southern Kurdistan (Iraq), 2.5 million live in Western Kurdistan (Syria) and about 2 million in diaspora.
The Kurdish situation in Iran
The Kurds have sought to create a democratic system in Iran. From the beginning until now they played an important role to bring peace, harmony and security with other nations. From the time of the overthrow of the brutal kingdom of Assyria, the Kurds have played a pioneering role with inspiration from Zarathustra’s philosophy; they have always sought peace, and tolerance.
Within the Iranian sovereignty there have always been provincial and regional governments to respect the different languages, cultures, nationalities and ethnicities of everyone. Governmental authorities were in a decentralized form and this allowed a co-existence between the Iranian nations. Once the Safawi dynasty came to power, the Shiite religion became the official religion and was followed by the entering of capitalism into Iran and the establishment of a centralized system of government.
On both sides, the freedom of the Kurdish people was jeopardized and extensively limited. During the monarchy of the Islamic republic all of the combined regional peoples’ history, influences and culture including those of the Kurds were cast aside and replaced by the monarch’s new government, religion and rules of law. This began the period of constant coercion imposed on the Kurdish nation within Iran that still exists today.
Although the constitution recognizes the rights of education in the mother tongue for the minorities, but in practice nothing has been done to implement those laws to protect minorities or people who wish to keep their native language. This situation is getting worse in respect to religious issues.
The Sunni Kurds have faced humiliation and injustice. Efforts have been made to separate the Shiite Kurds from the Sunni Kurds and to impose forced assimilation policies on both. Meanwhile, sovereign suppressive national policies have been severely implemented; consequently being a Kurd has been regarded as a crime and something sinful.
Theocracy and oppression are the core center of the Iranian government. In the governmental and official institutions discrimination has reached the highest levels. During the administration of the Islamic Republic religious decrees were announced for Kurds or Sunni’s and they were treated as infidels. During the Iran-Iraq war many arbitrary mass executions took place without any trial proceedings.
The Kurds continue to suffer multiple violations of their most fundamental rights under the current regime. The Islamic Republic during its rule over Iran for more than two decades has implemented a series of discriminatory policies in the economic, political, cultural, social and religious fields that have brought about widespread unemployment, poverty and forced migration. Drug abuse (especially among the young) which was unheard off twenty years ago, has now reached endemic proportions.
At the present time, the Iranian regime seeks to annihilate the Kurdish nation and responds to the democratic appeal of our nation with prisons, torture and terror instead of finding civil solutions to the problems. Every year hundreds of Kurdish youths are falsely charged with political crimes and due to lack of freedom of speech, these youths are sent to prison and executed.
Under this situation, our nation has encountered distinctive brutal treatment, while the Kurdish traditional movements in Eastern Kurdistan have been eliminated and neutralized. They live in exile in Southern Kurdistan. They have become passive and separated from the Kurdish masses.
The Free Life Party of Kurdistan (PJAK) has emerged with a democratic liberation ideology with the goal to set up a democratic system in Iran and a democratic self-rule for Kurdistan. This party accepts the idea of an ecological-democratic society and gender equality as its fundamental ideologies. Its initial goal is to limit and change the authority and domination of the Islamic Republic of Iran and to democratize it within the framework of four fundamental reforms; the nation, the society, the citizenship and to evolve the state into a self governing institution which is able to deliver public services, to maintain public security and to be synonymous to public authority.
For the past 5 years, PJAK has been the most influential organization of the Kurdish population. It has the strongest popular support in Eastern Kurdistan and it is the most powerful opposition body in Iran. Three particular dynamic forces, the women, students and the youth have joined the PJAK with a view to transform the society. PJAK becoms a manifestation of the people’s well and demands for their rights, it re-structurrd the Kurdish movement with ideological awareness, educating its members and raising the limit of intellectual and political knowledge of the people of Eastern Kurdistan.
Our party seeks to:
· Find solutions to the Kurdish issue within the framework of Democratic Confederalism for the Kurds without any change to the current boundaries.
· To protect the values of the nation and to organize the people within the framework and policy of legitimate self-defense to erase the influence of the feudal tribal system.
· Promote a free and democratic life in Eastern Kurdistan.
· Struggle against all the policies and the institutions which seek to annihilate Kurdish culture and national identity.
· Struggle to obtain the rights and freedom of all social classes.
· Organize a democratic society.
· Struggle against the mentality and political-social relations of the patriarchal oppressive system.
· Re-establish the identity and freedom of women in society.
· Develop the democratic relations with the Kurds of other parts of Kurdistan within the framework of rights and principles of Democratic Confederalism.
· Build free relations among the different nations of Iran and the democratic movements of the region in order to achieve Democratic Confederalism in the Middle East.
The Organizational Structure of PJAK
A democratic ideology and achievement of freedom for the Kurds along with all the Iranian nations are the main goals, PJAK has been striving in order to achieve and fulfil these goals. Our party is committed to organizing activities in the widest scope and amongst all the classes of the society. PJAK has organized itself in accordance with the needs and the requirements of the Kurdish and Iranian society and it is comprised of different sub institutions and organisations which includes; The Women Union of Eastern Kurdistan (YJRK), The Youth Organization of Eastern Kurdistan (KCR), The Democratic Press Union, The Forces of Eastern Kurdistan and The Political Diplomatic Committee.
YJRK (The Women Union of Eastern Kurdistan)
The Iranian constitution is conservative, patriarchal and is based on Islamic laws and regulations that marginalize women and treats them as inferior and defective. They are subjected to injustice and highly vicious discrimination in all political, cultural and economic realms. In accordance with the constitution two women are equal to one man but in the practical term the situation is even worse. YJRK is based on the philosophy of the emancipation of women endeavours to organize itself and engage in actions in accordance with the characteristics, abilities and traits of women in order to obviate all these injustices.
In the Women Union of Eastern Kurdistan, women are not only engaged in all aspect of management and decision-making but in fact they are the main decision-makers. It should be noted that women make up over 40 percent of the administration of PJAK.
KCR (The Youth Organization of Eastern Kurdistan)
Iran is a country with one of the youngest populations in the world. More than half of the Iranian population are young, but the Iranian official system does not adequately define what youth is, what are their needs and what it should be involved in. Instead, Iran opposes the idea that young generation should be taking more initiative and instead of becoming the potential for the future, they have been trapped in a social crisis.
Unemployment, lack of freedom of expression and lack of institutions allocated for their needs are only the tip of the iceberg. Most of the youth are disappointed, frustrated and have become dissident and seek fundamental changes within this system because there is no logical project or strategy to direct the youth in a healthy and progressive way.
The Iranian system is very rigid and dogmatic in this respect. In order to prevent any possible opposition and to neutralize the potential of the youths, the Iranian regime, broadly promotes corruption as well as prostitution and the use of addictive drugs as the primary entertainment for the youth.
The Iranian regime has also taken advantage of the unemployment rate in a widespread and appalling way by offering the youngsters employment as mercenaries.
The most essential function of the KCR in Iran and Eastern Kurdistan is the education of the youth on the basis of knowledge, self-development, their circumstance and their social realities.
In this respect, along with the organization of the youth in a variety of areas, our party does not only seek to prevent the psychological, social and moral damages done to our youth, but we also strive to bring and include them in youth institutions to develop them to become a contributing factor for the future.
Iran is a despotic state with a dogmatic camouflage, which holds only one ideology and has a single philosophy. A high level of censorship is imposed on the reflection of knowledge and information. In respect to education and knowledge a substantial impotency can be seen and freedom of speech has been limited to a dreadful level and currently many intellectuals and thinkers are imprisoned, tortured and sentenced to death.
Due to severe restriction and the narrow mindedness of the system, the Iranian and Kurdish culture and history have been dragged into a corruptive direction and a narrow-minded interpretation is enforced on the people. Iran is an obstructed society in which people are deprived from daily progress and developments and with a system, which treat people in accordance to its own desires.
The Democratic Press Union
Our party endeavours to set up a free and democratic society. A free and democratic society requires a free and democratic mindset. In this respect, The Democratic Press Union, in order to achieve these goals, believe in liberal thinking and regards the plurality of thoughts as richness and the bases of democracy in order to construct a democratic culture. It regards education as an indispensable condition and we also believe that every single individual with any kind of mindset or ideology should be able to put forward his or her own ideas along with their own issues. The unity and co-existence is possible through the means of dialogue, the free press and media, they are the essential condition of this.
The Forces of Eastern Kurdistan (HRK)
The Iranian regime has not only surfaced with the imposition of physical and psychological cruelty and the injustice subjected on women, youths, intellectuals and other social classes in the society, but it has also subjected the Iranian people to savage suppression. Throughout the history of the Iranian regime our people has been faced with mass killings and genocide. Currently and since the hard Islamic line of Ahmedinejad came to power, the coercion of the Iranian regime on our people has hit its peak. Every year an enormous number of people are killed under different pretexts such as opposing the clerical rule and the Islamic definition of treason.
PJAK does not believe in military form of struggle as the main course. The forms of its struggle and activities are democratic means and organization of the people.
Nonetheless when we are unable to carry out our democratic activities or organize our people, and when mass killings and destruction is enforced on our people, the Forces of Eastern Kurdistan will within the strategic framework of legitimate self defense, shield and protect our nation.
It is necessary to put into practice the strategy of self-defense in the political, social, cultural, economic, environmental and, if needed, military tactics. We will use the right of self-defense until the democratic aims and interests of the people are met. Legitimate self-defense in the forms of civil disobedience, mass protests, intrinsic, and natural defense will be carried out. One type of legitimate self-defense could be in the form of military tactics, but the intensity would be decided by the force and coercion carried out against our people.
It should be noted that legitimate self-defence has fundamental differences with the strategy of military warfare and it has also a separate philosophical ground and perspective. Legitimate self-defence would automatically lose the necessity for its existence once democracy is implemented and secured in society and knowledge and legitimate mechanisms for the natural defense of the society is created.
The Forces of Eastern Kurdistan, (Hezi Rojhelati Kurdistan – HRK) is an independent and autonomous military forces separated from the political organization. It is to follow and implement the policies, strategies and directions of PJAK’s political goals and program.
The Political and Diplomatic Committee
A political peaceful solution to the Kurdish issue in Eastern Kurdistan-Iran through dialogue and negotiations is the first political choice for PJAK. The goal is to mobilize and unite the Kurds and the Iranian opposition in a wide democratic united front to change the regime in Iran and establish a Democratic Confederalism State of Iran.
The support of the international democratic system is an essential factor in our struggle to achieve our goals. Our political and diplomatic policies are directed at the local, regional and international levels. Our mission is to seek alliances and to establish good relationships with the democratic powers and groups who are interested in democratization of Iran, human rights, peace and freedom.
In order to achieve these goals a wide democratic front and cooperation between the Kurdish and the Iranian opposition is required. From the day that PJAK was established and until now, we have sought to build a front and to cooperate with all groups and parties. Up until today, we have put emphasis on this issue and we will keep making an effort in order to achieve our goals and objectives. The Political and Diplomatic Committee of our party has been very active in this respect and has reached many notable results.
The current repression against Kurdish civilians requires a quick and effective international intervention. The killing of Kurds and other ethnic groups has to be stopped as soon as possible in order to prevent a possible blood bath by the regime.
The Political and Diplomatic Committee of PJAK
19 December 2008
3. PJAK: 10 Iranian soldiers killed in fight with PJAK forces in Salmas district
Free Life Party of Kurdistan (PJAK)
December 19, 2008
To our people and the opinion:
On December 7-8, 2008, the Iranian forces launched a military operation against PJAK forces in Salmas city area between the villages of Jandark and Shiwee.
Our guerilla forces attacked the Iranian military forces who were preparing to launch the operation. The surprise attack by our guerilla units inflicted heavy losses on the Iranian Pasadar and counter-guerilla forces, 10 pasadar and counter-guerillas members were killed and many wounded. All of our fighters returned to their bases without any losses. During the fight our fighters controlled the situation and confiscated many pieces of the Iranian military arms and equipments.
This attack is an answer to the Iranian military artillery continues shelling of the Kurdish villages in Kandil mountains area and the continues atrocities and oppression against our Kurdish people.
PJAK does not believe in military form of struggle as the main course. The forms of its struggle and activities are democratic means and organization of the people. Nonetheless when we are unable to carry out our democratic activities or organize our people peacefully, and when mass killings and destruction is enforced on our people, the Forces of Eastern Kurdistan (HRK) will within the strategic framework of legitimate self defense, shield and protect our nation.
Media and Communication Center of PJAK
Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) Statement: The ninth general meeting of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK)
. 1. Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) Statement: The ninth general meeting of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK)