|The 1979 special congress|
|A major act of planned aggression was the radical elimination of perceived opponents in 1979. It was a turning point afterward; one aggressive action followed another. |
The trial resulted in the total destruction of the old party. The event resulted in the creation of a new party totally subservient to him. The new party duty from that point of time and onward was low key security tasks and propaganda purposes.
The bloody purge was also designed to get rid of another problem the unity with Syria. The result of the trial was unanimity and subservience to the party reigned.
The Highest member of Al-bath party were invited to al-kuld hall. Doors were closed his body guard prevented anyone from leaving. Those invited to attend had no idea for the reason of the meeting. Taha Yaseen Ramadan came and announced the existence of plot against the party and all the plotters were present in the hall .
A member of Al-Baath party Muhi Abdal-Hussain Al-Mashhadai entered the hall and begun confessing of the existence of a plot to over through the regime with the assistance of Syria. When ever a name Mashhadai mention security forces would take that person away. Those attempting to protest their innocence were not allowed to, Saddam would shout angrily "get out if you have anything, say it to the investigators".
He was in absolute control of the scene, despite his angrily words in one moment he made a joke when Mashadi mentioned the family name AL Doori of an alleged plotter but could not remember his first name, Saddam laughed saying “you made every Doori Comrade now scared to Death”. The audience joined him in his laughter.
As he was watching and smoking his Cuban cigar, his cousin Ali- Hassan al-Majeed stood and urged him not to show any mercy for the perpetrators. His answer was “Yes he will show no mercy”. Realizing the transformation, all others in the hall, eagerly denounced their former friends and superiors.
Saddam then staged his favorite show; friends sentenced their friends to death. As a special court was established under the terms of RCC decision no.967 of 28 July 1979 consisting of seven of its members it tried the persons accused of offense of “treasonable conspiracy against the party and the state” 40 21 people were sentenced to death . He ordered Top male members of Al-Baath party from all over the country and the revolutionary command council to carry on the execution orders. His sons Udaiy then aged 15 and Qussay then aged 13, in addition to the families of the highest members and female Baath members were brought to watche the actual execution.
He later spoke on
Ideological transformation was the inevitable result of the 1979 trial, a transformation form the party role to the leader role. Prior to 1979 and according to the leading party act 142 of 1974 “all ministries and all governmental departments, institutions, bodies and agencies must adopt the political report of the eighth regional congress of the Arab Baath socialist party, which guides the authorities and the state as a program and guideline for their work”
The 8th party congress report in 1974 spoke of the party as an entity. After trial the preface to the 9th congress in 1982 immediately emphasized "a clear division of the role of the party and that of Saddam Hussein, ‘a leader of special type who emerged and developed in unique circumstances’." The 9th congress also credited Saddam with all the party’s achievements since 1968:
"Playing the leading role in achieving the historic explosions; the creator of the Patriotic Front and its leader; the designer of the March Declaration; the actual leader of the process of oil nationalization; the first planner of the process of total development; the brain behind the strategy of nuclear research; and the guiding light in the field of culture and information.
In more recent congresses the party ceased its ideological work altogether. The 10th and 11th congresses chose to adopt Saddam speeches as the party reports and guidelines.
The destruction of the party achieved several objectives as we said earlier serving mainly to keep it subservient to his will and to get rid of several problems. But the real motive behind it is mistrust. He trusted his blood relatives more than party members. Thus at the same time the party was growing, the influence of his family and tribe members grew, until the time was ripe enough for him to destroy the party and act more freely in putting more family and tribe members in the position of power.
His distrust of the party and his trust of the clan date even to his early days. If one read the long days on the return of the assassination group to their hiding place Saddam was bitterly critical of the party saying to his comrades that he will not stay as the party will not do anything to them thus he chose to leave the hiding place. The rest of his comrades chose to stay and were rounded up shortly after Saddam left. The rest of the novel don’t mention the party struggle at all, if any support was provided to the hero it was from his family. The family sheltered him and provided him with the means to escape.
Thus while the early efforts initially was to strengthen the party base, there was another process slower occurring which was the placement of Tikriti clan in higher positions mainly security positions. After the destruction of the party the process accelerated.
This culminated in the creation of 1981 of another organization more secretive and more powerful than the party itself. Based solemnly on tribal affiliation the special security apparatus.
The result is that who held the real power in Iraq was close net of tribe from takrit, bieji and al-shraqat. Their common connection was not the ideology of Baath party and its principals their connection were tribal values and blood connection.
After 1991 uprising in an exceptional Baath party congress saddam reiterated his believe that it was not the party that prevented the collapse of the regime it was his security apparatus and the performance of his relative which superseded the performance of the party members. What happened after 1991 is the transformation of the society as whole into a tribal fragmented society. What was left of the old bath party that Saddam joined was only its shadow.