Announced today in Baghdad, by the First Criminal Court, which specifically deals with the crimes of the former Baathist regime. The issuance of the court recognized that what happened against the Faylee Kurds were a crime of genocide and a crime against humanity.
Three of the fifteen defendants in the case were sentenced to death, Saadoun Shaker,interior minister (minister of home affairs) during the system, Mizban Khaddrhadi member of the Revolutionary Command Council for the former regime and Aziz Salih Numan member of the leadership of Iraq’s Baath Party. Miscellaneous sentences totaling 45 years were also granted. While the rule on each of Tariq Aziz and Ahmed Hussein Khudeir was ten years, the remaining defendants were acquitted due to lack of evidence. Two of these are brothers of the former president Saddam. Arrest warrants were issued for 15 other people found to be involved in this crime throughout the trial process.
The court started first looking at this case on the 26 of January 2009 under the chairmanship of Judge Raouf Abdel Rahman. He was later appointed Minister of Justice in the Kurdistan Regional Government (cab VI), turning the court over to his deputy, Judge Mohamed Abdalsahb Yassin, who in turn moved to the Court of Cassation.
Originally the 16 accused are former regime members, Ali Hassan al-Majid (Chemical Ali), Saadoun Shaker, Tariq Aziz, Mizban Khadr Hadi, Sabir Abdul Aziz Douri, Aziz Salih Numan al-Khafaji, Abdulhamid Sulaiman, Saleh Ahmed Saad Sultan, Mohamed Khudair Ahalbusi, Fadhel Abbas Al-Ameri, Numan Ali al-Tikriti, Ayad Taha Shihab, Fadhil al-Azzawi Salfeeq, Sabawi Ibrahim al-Hassan, Watban Ibrahim al-Hassan, Ahmed Hussein Khudeir. The charges against Ali Hassan al-Majid were later dropped when he was executed for another case.
During the hearing the court listened to 40 complainants and 47 witnesses as a sample of the thousands of victims. These people had been previously labeled by Saddam as unloyal to the goals of Baath party and of foreign origin.
Hundreds of thousands of Iraqi Faylee Kurds were stripped of their citizenship, movable and immovable capital, all identity papers and certificates of credit and graduation. Half a million people were forced from their homes and taken to the border where war raged between two countries, and left to an unknown fate. Children and young people were taken as hostages, never to be heard of again.
One of the most brutal crimes to become evident more recently is the sale of young Faylee Kurd girl and the murder of her parents. This came to light after one girl sold to a family in the United Arab Emirates after the liquidation of her parents by the defunct Baathist regime, wrote her story and sent it to a humanitarian organisation.
Recognition of Faylee Kurds genocide by the Iraqi supreme Criminal Court. Death and other sentences with the release of the remaining defendants