الرئيسية » English Articles » we call on turkey to peacefully resolve the crisis with the kurds

we call on turkey to peacefully resolve the crisis with the kurds

NIQASH — Sulaymaniah, Baghdad — 16 October 2007 — The Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) announced that it has ended the special unilateral moratorium on armed operations against Turkey. Meanwhile, the Kurdistan government demanded to summon the Iraqi Interior Minister, Jawad al-Bulani, before a parliament session to question him on the security agreement signed between the Iraqi government and Turkey. Members of the Kurdistan Alliance called upon Turkey to issue a general amnesty for all members of the banned guerilla group and to abandon its decision of militarily settling the conflict with Kurds if Turkey is really keen to solve the current crisis. The PKK, which has a stronghold in the Qandil, Bashmakh and Khwarkuk mountains in the Kurdistan Region adjacent to the Turkish border and uses them as the center of its armed operation, said that, “the unilateral truce declared by PKK has become meaningless given the uncompromising Turkish stance.” The PKK denied transferring its hideouts to Turkey to protect Kurdistan against any possible Turkish military invasion, as some news organizations had reported. Meanwhile, officials of the Kurdistan government stated that there are no guerilla members of the PKK in the northern part of the region.

In the meantime, the media spokesman for the Kurdistan parliament, Tareq Jawhar, said that Turkish conditions for the abandonment of its military incursion in Kurdistan, requiring the handing over of Kurdish Iraqi leaders cooperating with PKK, are debilitating. According to Jawad al-Bulani, the Iraqi government reiterated its opposition to any Turkish right to invade Iraqi territories to chase PKK guerillas without a prior official approval. Tareq Jawhar stressed that the Kurds refuse any Turkish conditions. He called upon Ankara to cease its support to one of the Iraqi political factions active in Kirkuk (the Turkmen). “If Turkey has its conditions, we too have our conditions. The first among our conditions is that Turkey abandons its support to the Turkmen Front and the second is that it stops interfering in the affairs of the [Kurdistan] region.”

Last Sunday, Turkish organizations have demanded freezing the property holdings and assets of Mas’ud Barzani, the president of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) leade,r in Turkey on the pretext of his supporting the PKK and providing their guerilla with hideouts in northern Iraq.

Ankara accuses PKK of threatening Turkish national security and of killing 30,000 Turkish citizens since the 1980s. The Kurdish government and parties deny the Turkish accusations of their support to the PKK and stress the need to solve the issue peacefully without the interference of neighboring countries in the Turkish political crisis. Turkey’s Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, had earlier threatened to invade Kurdistan under the pretext of attacking PKK hideouts after the party’s attack in southern Turkey on 27 September 2007 that killed 15 Turkish soldiers. Erdogan has also stressed that Ankara is ready to confront international criticism opposing its military interference in Kurdistan.

Kurdish sources told Niqash that Turkish troops have shelled areas around Mazuri and Rikan in Dohuk governorate, indicating that the shelling has led to material damage and forced many citizens to flee. The Kurdistan government confirmed news of the shelling of the Khwakurk area in Arbil, adding that similar shelling has targeted the villages of Almoush, Kurt, Bin Diwaniyah, Siran Sibyarah, Shikhanok, and Moslok causing damage to private property and leaving behind burnt fields and grazing lands.

Kurds criticize the Iraqi government for signing security agreements with Turkey in the absence of representatives from the Kurdish government. They consider such acts as bypassing and marginalizing the legitimacy of the Kurdistan government and parliament. Mahmoud Othman, a Kurdistan Alliance leader, called the government to reconsider the recent agreement signed in September 2007 between the Minister of Interior, Jawad al-Bulani, on the one side and intelligence officials and the Turkish army on the other. Firyad Rawanduzi, a coalition member, was one of the MPs who demanded to summon al-Bulani to an extraordinary session of the Iraqi parliament to question him on the agreement signed with Turkey. He implicitly stressed that Turkey should declare a general amnesty covering all members and leaders of the PKK. Moreover, he emphasized the importance of adopting peaceful means to settle conflicts with Kurds in Turkey. Muhammed Ihsan, KRG Minister of Extra-Regional Affairs, emphasized the importance of cooperation with the American-Turkish-Kurdish Committee to find compromising solutions regarding the banned PKK. These statements came amid Kurdish criticisms of the Iraqi government, which has considered PKK to be a terrorist organization.


Vigilance and demands

In the meantime, Iran has declared its support for a Turkish invasion of Kurdistan. Iran is similarly involved in chasing opposition Kurds in the Haj Omran area. Its troops launch military campaigns and air raids striking the hideouts of the Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK), which supports the PKK and opposes the Islamic Republic. Turkmen parties allied to Turkey demanded the expulsion of PKK members in order to avoid an additional crisis in the country that would threaten the unity and safety of Iraq. Anwar Bayraqdar, the president of the Adalah (Justice) Turkmen Party, told Niqash that, “Turkmen parties oppose the use of Iraqi territories to threaten neighboring countries.” He added that, “the Turkmen demand the expulsion of PKK members as we consider PKK as a terrorist party.” He explained that, “as the Iraqi government asks neighboring countries to combat terrorist organizations in their territories and to forbid them from penetrating Iraq, hence the Iraqi government should exert pressures against PKK members and should expel them from the northern region and all of Iraq.” According to Bayraqdar, “the political parties in Iraq should condemn the attacks of PKK and should ensure the safety of the borders with neighboring countries.”

The PKK, led by Abdullah Ocalan, who has been in Turkish prison since 1998 on grounds of threatening Turkish national security and implementing and supporting terrorist operations against Turkey, calls for the creation of a Kurdish region in Turkey similar to the Iraqi Kurdistan region as a step towards announcing a bigger Kurdish state. However, Firhad Ocalan, the brother of Abdullah who has established the Kurdistan National Democratic Union party in Sulaymaniyah, stressed that armed insurgency is not in the best interests of the Kurds in Turkey and indicated that the party should completely change its strategy. In a statement made to Niqash, Firhad Ocalan reiterated his call to Turkey to “peacefully settle the crisis with the PKK and to allow Kurds to join in building Turkey and to give them a bigger political role in the government.”

http://www.niqash.org/content.php?contentTypeID=267&id=2032&lang=2

اترك تعليقاً

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني. الحقول الإلزامية مشار إليها بـ *